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如今我们一直都是以大米为主粮食的,我们南方的朋友是大米为主食的,那么,很多人也都是知道米是分很多种类的,尤其南方的朋友都是比较爱吃籼米的,籼米它短而宽,椭圆形的,是很有营养价值的米种的,籼米的最适合的食用方法是蒸的。但在爱吃之余,你知道它有什么功效与作用吗?

1、原粮品种方面

在植物学上,稻谷属于本科稻,属普通栽培稻亚属中的普通稻亚种,分为籼稻和粳稻。籼米由籼稻加工而成,粳米由粳稻加工而成。

籼稻粒形较长,长度是宽度的3倍以上,扁平,茸毛短而稀,一般无芒,稻壳较薄,腹白较大,硬质粒较少,加工时易碎,出米率较低。粳稻粒形较大短切,长度是宽度的2倍左右,茸毛长而密,芒较长,稻壳较厚,腹白小或没有,硬质粒多,出米率高。

127养生之道网籼米的功效与作用有哪些 消除炎症对口腔溃疡竟有奇效

籼米的功效与作用​有哪些

2、外观形状方面

籼米一般呈长椭圆形或细长形,粳米米粒则呈椭圆形,虽然籼米也有呈椭圆形状的,但没有粳米那样圆。

3、营养成份和口感方面

籼米和粳米的营养成份和口感有着很大的差别。籼米的蛋白质含量超过8%,粳米只有7%;粳米的胶稠度要求大于70,籼米只要求超过60。因此粳米显然要比籼米粘得多。

4、籼米的特点与营养价值

籼米中含碳水化合物75%左右,蛋白质8%-9%,脂肪1.3%-1.8%,并含有丰富的B族维生素等。籼米中的碳水化合物主要是淀粉,所含的蛋白质主要是米谷蛋白,其次是米胶蛋白和球蛋白,其蛋白质的生物价和氨基酸的构成比例都比小麦、大麦、小米、玉米等禾谷类作物高,消化率66.8%-83.1%,也是谷类蛋白质中较高的一种。因此,食用籼米有较高的营养价值。但籼米蛋白质中赖氨酸和苏氨酸的含量比较少,所以不是一种完全蛋白质,其营养价值比不上动物蛋白质。

籼米中的脂肪含量很少,稻谷中的脂肪主要集中在米糠中,其脂肪中所含的亚油酸含量较高,一般占全部脂肪的34%,比莱籽油和茶油分别多2-5倍。所以食用米糠油有较好的生理功能。

127养生之道网籼米的功效与作用有哪些 消除炎症对口腔溃疡竟有奇效

籼米的功效与作用有哪些

5、籼米的功效与作用

籼米是提供B族维生素的主要来源,是预防脚气并消除口腔炎症的重要食疗资源;米粥具有补脾、和胃、清肺功效;米汤有益气、养阴、润燥的功能,能刺激胃液的分泌,有助于消化,并对脂肪的吸收有促进作用。是补充营养素的基础。


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